American Government

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Open Chapter Ch. 1: The Democratic Republic
Lesson #1 Politics and Government
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Lesson #2 Democracy and Other Forms of Government
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Lesson #3 What Kind of Democracy Do We Have?
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Lesson #4 Fundamental Values
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Lesson #5 Political Ideologies
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Open Chapter Ch. 2: Forging a New Government: The Constitution
Lesson #6 The Colonial Background
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Lesson #7 An Independent Confederation
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Lesson #8 The Constitutional Convention
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Lesson #9 The Difficult Road to Ratification
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Lesson #10 Altering the Constitution
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Open Chapter Ch. 3: Federalism
Lesson #11 Federalism and Its Alternatives
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Lesson #12 The Constitutional Basis for American Federalism
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Lesson #13 Defining Constitutional Powers -- The Early Years
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Lesson #14 The Continuing Dispute over the Division of Power
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Lesson #15 Federalism and Today’s Supreme Court
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Exam Exam 1
Open Chapter Ch. 4: Civil Liberties
Lesson #16 The Constitutional Bases of Our Liberties
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Lesson #17 Freedom of Religion
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Lesson #18 Freedom of Expression
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Lesson #19 The Right to Privacy
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Lesson #20 The Great Balancing Act: The Rights of the Accused versus the Rights of Society
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Open Chapter Ch. 5: Civil Rights
Lesson #21 The African American Experience and the Civil Rights Movement
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Lesson #22 Civil Rights and the Courts
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Lesson #23 Experiences of Other Minority Groups
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Lesson #24 Women’s Struggle for Equal Rights
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Lesson #25 The Rights and Status of Gay Males and Lesbians
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Open Chapter Ch. 6: Public Opinion, Political Socialization, and the Media
Lesson #26 Public Opinion and Political Socialization
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Lesson #27 The Influence of Demographic Factors
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Lesson #28 Measuring Public Opinion
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Lesson #29 Public Opinion and the Political Process
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Lesson #30 The Media in the United States
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Lesson #31 The Media and Political Campaigns
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Open Chapter Ch. 7: Interest Groups and Political Parties
Lesson #32 A Nation of Joiners
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Lesson #33 Types of Interest Groups
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Lesson #34 Interest Group Strategies
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Lesson #35 Political Parties in the United States
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Lesson #36 A History of Political Parties in the United States
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Lesson #37 Why Has the Two-Party System Endured?
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Exam Midterm Exam
Open Chapter Ch. 8: Campaigns and Elections
Lesson #38 The Twenty-First-Century Campaign
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Lesson #39 Financing the Campaign
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Lesson #40 Running for President: The Longest Campaign
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Lesson #41 How Are Elections Conducted?
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Lesson #42 How Do Voters Decide?
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Open Chapter Ch. 9: The Congress
Lesson #43 The Nature and Functions of Congress
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Lesson #44 House-Senate Differences and Congressional Perks
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Lesson #45 Congressional Elections and Apportionment
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Lesson #46 How Congress Is Organized
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Lesson #47 Law Making and Budgeting
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Open Chapter Ch. 10: The Presidency
Lesson #48 Who Can Become President?
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Lesson #49 The Many Roles of the President
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Lesson #50 Presidential Powers
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Lesson #51 The Executive Organization
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Lesson #52 The Vice Presidency
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Exam Exam 3
Open Chapter Ch. 11: The Bureaucracy
Lesson #53 The Nature and Scope of the Federal Bureaucracy
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Lesson #54 The Organization of the Federal Bureaucracy
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Lesson #55 Staffing the Bureaucracy
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Lesson #56 Modern Attempts at Bureaucratic Reform
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Lesson #57 Bureaucrats as Politicians and Policymakers
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Open Chapter Ch. 12: The Judiciary
Lesson #58 Sources of American Law
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Lesson #59 The Federal Court System
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Lesson #60 The Supreme Court at Work
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Lesson #61 The Selection of Federal Judges
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Lesson #62 Policymaking and the Courts
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Open Chapter Ch. 13: Domestic and Economic Policy
Lesson #63 The Policymaking Process: Health Care as an Example
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Lesson #64 Immigration
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Lesson #65 Energy and the Environment
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Lesson #66 The Politics of Economic Decision Making
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Lesson #67 The Politics of Taxation
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Open Chapter Ch. 14: Foreign Policy
Lesson #68 Facing the World: Foreign and Defense Policies
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Lesson #69 Terrorism and Warfare
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Lesson #70 U.S. Diplomatic Efforts
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Lesson #71 Who Makes Foreign Policy?
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Lesson #72 The Major Foreign Policy Themes
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Exam Final Exam

Assignments:

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Lesson Objectives:

- Hispanic vs. Latino
- The history of immigration
- Unauthorized immigration
- The rights of illegal immigrants
- American Indians



The African American experience has not been the only case of discrimination in the United States. Latinos and Native Americans are worth mentioning since their cases are every bit as significant.

A Hispanic is someone who can claim heritage from a Spanish-speaking country. Hispanics may be of any race.

The term Latino is an alternative to the term Hispanic that is preferred by many people nowadays.



Historically, immigrants originally came to the United States from Europe, but more recently, the immigration population has been largely made up of Latinos and Asians.

That is not the only way the face of America is changing. There is another factor called the Total Fertility Rate. In order for a country to stabilize in population, there must be a ratio of about 2:1 and it takes a while. Latinos have a higher fertility rate than other groups in America.



The Department of Homeland Security uses the term Unauthorized Immigration rather than Illegal Immigration. It has become a major point of contention in the United States.

Many unauthorized immigrants come to America to work. At one time, there were not any laws against hiring someone who was not documented.

The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 sought to criminalize the act of hiring "illegal aliens," but the Obama Administration put protections in place to lessen deportation.

Latino participation in politics is on the rise. More Latinos are taking office despite the fact that a large part of the Latino community cannot vote because they do not have the necessary documentation.



In 1903, a standard was put in place by the Supreme Court for deportation proceedings. Illegal Immigrants have the right to face a judge, to be represented, and to examine the evidence against them.

However, there are limits to their rights. The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 allows the government to take certain liberties.

Due Process can be thrown out the window when it comes to terrorism. A noncitizen can be deported for alleged terrorism and secret evidence can be used that the deportee will not be given the chance to examine.



There are other rights that can be denied despite due process.

Freedom of Speech is not granted as noncitizens cannot use the First Amendment to argue against deportation.

Ex Post Facto Laws are not granted. If a noncitizen was convicted of aggravated felony before 1996, the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act mandated that they get deported. For something as simple as the possession of marijuana, a noncitizen could find themselves back in a country they left when they were a child.



American Indians were here first, but they have suffered at the hands of the people who came here to settle.

The early American Indian population was almost wiped out by disease. New diseases that the early settlers brought with them were a problem for the American Indians because they had no immunity to them.

While the European American and African American populations were growing steadily, the Indian American population was on the decline. It did bounce back and now it has stabilized.

Even though American Indian have experienced high poverty rates, gambling casinos have popped up as a strategy for economic development. Because reservations are under Federal regulations, they are not subject to the laws that govern the state.