Spanish I

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Open Chapter Ch. 1: Nouns and Gender
Lesson #1 Noun Gender and Indefinite Articles
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Lesson #2 Definite Articles
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Lesson #3 Culture: The Kiss Greeting
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Lesson #4 Determining Noun Gender
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Lesson #5 Gender of Nouns Referring to People
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Open Chapter Ch. 2: More on Nouns
Lesson #6 Using a Person's Title
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Lesson #7 Pluralizing Nouns
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Lesson #8 Pronunciation and Emphasis
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Lesson #9 Accent Placement
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Lesson #10 Culture: Cognates
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Lesson #11 Adjective-Noun Agreement
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Exam Exam 1
Open Chapter Ch. 3: Subject Pronouns
Lesson #12 Singular Subject Pronouns
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Lesson #13 Culture: Using Usted
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Lesson #14 Plural Subject Pronouns
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Open Chapter Ch. 4: The Present Indicative
Lesson #15 Intro to Verbs
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Lesson #16 Conjugating -ER and -IR Verbs
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Lesson #17 Understanding the Present Indicative Tense
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Open Chapter Ch. 5: The Verb "Ser"
Lesson #18 Ser o No Ser (To Be or Not to Be)
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Lesson #19 Culture: College Life in Latin America
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Lesson #20 Saying "And" and Negating Sentences
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Exam Exam 2
Lesson #21 Telling Time with Ser
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Lesson #22 Telling Time Including Minutes
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Lesson #23 Saying at What Time Something Happens
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Open Chapter Ch. 6: Using the "Be" Verbs
Lesson #24 Culture: Fútbol
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Lesson #25 Estar, the Other "Be" Verb
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Lesson #26 Ser vs. Estar
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Open Chapter Ch. 7: Talking about Ownership
Lesson #27 Possessive Adjectives
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Lesson #28 Whom Does It Belong To?
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Lesson #29 Tener, To Have
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Exam Exam 3
Lesson #30 Culture: Caracas
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Open Chapter Ch. 8: Exceptions to the Rules
Lesson #31 Conjugating -GO and -ZCO Verbs
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Lesson #32 Three Irregular Verbs - Dar, Ver, and Saber
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Lesson #33 Saber vs. Conocer
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Lesson #34 Coming and Going
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Lesson #35 Adjective Placement
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Lesson #36 Culture: Drinking Mate
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Open Chapter Ch. 9: Stem-Changing Verbs
Lesson #37 'E' to 'IE' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #38 'E' to 'I' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #39 'O' to 'UE' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #40 Irregular Verbs with a Stem Change
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Exam Final Exam

Assignments:

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Lesson Objectives:

In this lesson, we will learn about one of the major grammatical concepts that makes Spanish different from English -- noun gender. In Spanish, all nouns can be classified as either masculine or feminine. We will also talk about the Spanish indefinite articles for translating "a" and "an". Finally, we will learn a few basic nouns to get us started.


Vocabulary:

hombre - man
mujer - woman
chico - boy
chica - girl
flor - flower
coche - car
rosa - rose
writing desk - pupitre
residencia - dormitory
novia - girlfriend or fiancée



Welcome to SpanishHour lesson 1. In this lesson, we'll talk about articles and gender of nouns.

In English, articles refer to a, an, and the. We'll start by looking at a and an, which are called the indefinite articles.

In Spanish, there are four indefinite articles. In other words, if you see a or an in English, it'll translate into one of four possibilities.

un, una, unos, or unas

There are four articles in Spanish because the article has to match the noun it comes before in gender and in number. Now obviously, number refers to singular or plural, but what is gender?

Well in Spanish, all nouns have a gender--they're either masculine or they're feminine.

Let's take a look at some examples:
man is hombre in spanish and it's a masculine noun
woman is mujer in spanish and it's a feminine noun
flower is flor; it's another feminine noun
car is coche; and that is a masculine noun

Later we'll look at how to identify whether a noun is masculine or feminine.

For now, let's go back to the four indefinite articles. We have un, which is masculine singular. una which is feminine singular. Unos which is masculine plural. Unas, which is feminine plural.

So, let's see how we would say a man, a woman, some men, and some women.

A man is singular and that's masculine, so we would use 'un'. 'un hombre'.
A woman; that's singular but now it's feminine, so we use 'una mujer'
Some men is masculine plural; so that calls for unos hombres.
Some women, plural feminine; that calls for 'unas mujeres'.

So to sum it up; un hombre, singular masculine; una mujer, singular feminine; unos hombres, plural masculine; unas mujeres, plural feminine.

We've just covered all the uses of a and an, which are the indefinite articles. Let's move on to the.