Spanish I

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Open Chapter Ch. 1: Nouns and Gender
Lesson #1 Noun Gender and Indefinite Articles
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 1
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Lesson #2 Definite Articles
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 2
Incomplete Assignment Grammar for Lesson 2
Lesson #3 Culture: The Kiss Greeting
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 3
Incomplete Assignment Culture Quiz for Lesson 3
Lesson #4 Determining Noun Gender
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 4
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Lesson #5 Gender of Nouns Referring to People
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 5
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Open Chapter Ch. 2: More on Nouns
Lesson #6 Using a Person's Title
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Lesson #7 Pluralizing Nouns
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Lesson #8 Pronunciation and Emphasis
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Lesson #9 Accent Placement
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Lesson #10 Culture: Cognates
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Lesson #11 Adjective-Noun Agreement
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Exam Exam 1
Open Chapter Ch. 3: Subject Pronouns
Lesson #12 Singular Subject Pronouns
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Lesson #13 Culture: Using Usted
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Lesson #14 Plural Subject Pronouns
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Open Chapter Ch. 4: The Present Indicative
Lesson #15 Intro to Verbs
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Lesson #16 Conjugating -ER and -IR Verbs
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Lesson #17 Understanding the Present Indicative Tense
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Open Chapter Ch. 5: The Verb "Ser"
Lesson #18 Ser o No Ser (To Be or Not to Be)
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Lesson #19 Culture: College Life in Latin America
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Lesson #20 Saying "And" and Negating Sentences
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Exam Exam 2
Lesson #21 Telling Time with Ser
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Lesson #22 Telling Time Including Minutes
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Lesson #23 Saying at What Time Something Happens
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Open Chapter Ch. 6: Using the "Be" Verbs
Lesson #24 Culture: Fútbol
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Lesson #25 Estar, the Other "Be" Verb
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Lesson #26 Ser vs. Estar
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Open Chapter Ch. 7: Talking about Ownership
Lesson #27 Possessive Adjectives
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Lesson #28 Whom Does It Belong To?
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Lesson #29 Tener, To Have
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Exam Exam 3
Lesson #30 Culture: Caracas
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Open Chapter Ch. 8: Exceptions to the Rules
Lesson #31 Conjugating -GO and -ZCO Verbs
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Lesson #32 Three Irregular Verbs - Dar, Ver, and Saber
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Lesson #33 Saber vs. Conocer
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Lesson #34 Coming and Going
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Lesson #35 Adjective Placement
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Lesson #36 Culture: Drinking Mate
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Open Chapter Ch. 9: Stem-Changing Verbs
Lesson #37 'E' to 'IE' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #38 'E' to 'I' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #39 'O' to 'UE' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #40 Irregular Verbs with a Stem Change
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Exam Final Exam

Assignments:

Unfinished Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 11
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Lesson Objectives:

In this lesson, we will learn about adjective-noun agreement, and when and how adjectives should be modified in order to match the noun they are describing in gender and in number. We will also learn some common descriptive adjectives.


Vocabulary:

alto - tall
bajo - short (talking about height)
pelirrojo - red-headed
moreno - dark-haired
rubio - blonde
joven - young
viejo - old
gordo - fat
delgado - thin
feo - ugly
nuevo - new
grande - big
pequeño - small
rápido - fast
lento - slow
largo - long
corto - slow (talking about length)
difícil - difficult
guapo - good-looking
fácil - easy



You've learned that the article needs to agree with the noun it comes before in both gender and number.

For example, UN hombre, UNAS mujeres, LOS hombres, LA mujer.

In the same way, adjectives must also agree with the noun.

If the adjective ends in 'o' or 'a', then it will agree in both gender and number.

For example, "caro" is an adjective that means "expensive".

"el lápiz caro" means "the expensive pencil". Notice that lápiz is masculine and singular, so caro is also masculine and singular.

"los lápices caros" means "the expensive pencils". In this case, "lápices" is plural, so "caros" is now plural.

Let's look at two other examples. "la casa cara", which means the expensive house, "las casas caras", which means the expensive houses. Notice that since "casa" is feminine, "caro" has become "cara", which is feminine.

Casas caras are both feminine plural.

Now, if the adjective does not end in 'o' or 'a', then you only have to worry about number agreement--is the noun plural or singular?
"El coche grande" means "the big car"
"los coches grandes", "the big cars"
"la bicicleta grande", the big bicycle
"las bicicletas grandes", the big bicycles

As you can see, since grande does not end in 'o' or 'a', it only changes from singular to plural-it doesn't matter if the noun is masculine or feminine.