Spanish I

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Open Chapter Ch. 1: Nouns and Gender
Lesson #1 Noun Gender and Indefinite Articles
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 1
Incomplete Assignment Grammar for Lesson 1
Lesson #2 Definite Articles
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 2
Incomplete Assignment Grammar for Lesson 2
Lesson #3 Culture: The Kiss Greeting
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 3
Incomplete Assignment Culture Quiz for Lesson 3
Lesson #4 Determining Noun Gender
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 4
Incomplete Assignment Grammar for Lesson 4
Lesson #5 Gender of Nouns Referring to People
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 5
Incomplete Assignment Grammar for Lesson 5
Open Chapter Ch. 2: More on Nouns
Lesson #6 Using a Person's Title
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 6
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Lesson #7 Pluralizing Nouns
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Lesson #8 Pronunciation and Emphasis
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Lesson #9 Accent Placement
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Lesson #10 Culture: Cognates
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 10
Incomplete Assignment Culture Quiz for Lesson 10
Lesson #11 Adjective-Noun Agreement
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Exam Exam 1
Open Chapter Ch. 3: Subject Pronouns
Lesson #12 Singular Subject Pronouns
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Lesson #13 Culture: Using Usted
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Incomplete Assignment Culture Quiz for Lesson 13
Lesson #14 Plural Subject Pronouns
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 14
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Open Chapter Ch. 4: The Present Indicative
Lesson #15 Intro to Verbs
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Lesson #16 Conjugating -ER and -IR Verbs
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 16
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Lesson #17 Understanding the Present Indicative Tense
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Open Chapter Ch. 5: The Verb "Ser"
Lesson #18 Ser o No Ser (To Be or Not to Be)
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Lesson #19 Culture: College Life in Latin America
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 19
Incomplete Assignment Culture Quiz for Lesson 19
Lesson #20 Saying "And" and Negating Sentences
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Exam Exam 2
Lesson #21 Telling Time with Ser
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Lesson #22 Telling Time Including Minutes
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Lesson #23 Saying at What Time Something Happens
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Open Chapter Ch. 6: Using the "Be" Verbs
Lesson #24 Culture: Fútbol
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Lesson #25 Estar, the Other "Be" Verb
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Lesson #26 Ser vs. Estar
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Open Chapter Ch. 7: Talking about Ownership
Lesson #27 Possessive Adjectives
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Lesson #28 Whom Does It Belong To?
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Lesson #29 Tener, To Have
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Exam Exam 3
Lesson #30 Culture: Caracas
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Open Chapter Ch. 8: Exceptions to the Rules
Lesson #31 Conjugating -GO and -ZCO Verbs
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 31
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Lesson #32 Three Irregular Verbs - Dar, Ver, and Saber
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Lesson #33 Saber vs. Conocer
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Lesson #34 Coming and Going
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Lesson #35 Adjective Placement
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Lesson #36 Culture: Drinking Mate
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Open Chapter Ch. 9: Stem-Changing Verbs
Lesson #37 'E' to 'IE' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #38 'E' to 'I' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #39 'O' to 'UE' Stem-Changing Verbs
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 39
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Lesson #40 Irregular Verbs with a Stem Change
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 40
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Exam Final Exam

Assignments:

Unfinished Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 16
Unfinished Assignment Grammar for Lesson 16

Lesson Objectives:

In this lesson, we will learn how to conjugate the other two types of verbs, -ER and -IR verbs. We will finish by learning a few verbs that we can practice the conjugation rules on.


Vocabulary:

correr - to run
subir - to go up or to climb
aprender - to learn
comer - to eat
comprender - to understand
creer - to believe
leer - to read
abrir - to open
decidir - to decide
describir - to describe
escribir - to write
recibir - to receive
vivir - to live
beber - to drink



Now we will look at the -er verb endings

For yo, again the ending is 'o'
For tú, it's 'es'
For Él, ella, o usted - it's 'e'
For Nosotros o nosotras - it's 'emos'
For Ellos, ellas, o ustedes - it's 'en'

So, we'll quickly run through the conjugations of the verb comer, which means "to eat"

First, we take off the -er to get the stem.

So, yo C-O-M, appropriate ending, como
Tú, C-O-M, comes
Él, ella o usted come
Nosotros comemos
Ellos, ellas o ustedes comen


Let's look at the -ir verb endings

The endings for the -ir verbs are identical to those for the -er verbs, with the exception of nosotros.

So we'll write out the endings here quickly.
Yo - o
Tú - es
Él, ella o usted - e
Nosotros o nosotras - imos (note that for the -er verbs, it was emos)
Ellos, ellas, o ustedes - en

Let's conjugate the verb 'subir', which means 'to climb' or 'to go up'

So we take off the -ir and we add on the appropriate endings.

Yo subo
Tú subes
Él, ella o usted sube
Nosotros subimos
Ellos, ellas o ustedes suben

As you can see, all we did was to take the appropriate endings from the list above and add them on to the verb's stem.