Spanish I

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Open Chapter Ch. 1: Nouns and Gender
Lesson #1 Noun Gender and Indefinite Articles
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 1
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Lesson #2 Definite Articles
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 2
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Lesson #3 Culture: The Kiss Greeting
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 3
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Lesson #4 Determining Noun Gender
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Lesson #5 Gender of Nouns Referring to People
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Open Chapter Ch. 2: More on Nouns
Lesson #6 Using a Person's Title
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Lesson #7 Pluralizing Nouns
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Lesson #8 Pronunciation and Emphasis
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Lesson #9 Accent Placement
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Lesson #10 Culture: Cognates
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Lesson #11 Adjective-Noun Agreement
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Exam Exam 1
Open Chapter Ch. 3: Subject Pronouns
Lesson #12 Singular Subject Pronouns
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Lesson #13 Culture: Using Usted
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Lesson #14 Plural Subject Pronouns
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Open Chapter Ch. 4: The Present Indicative
Lesson #15 Intro to Verbs
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Lesson #16 Conjugating -ER and -IR Verbs
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Lesson #17 Understanding the Present Indicative Tense
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Open Chapter Ch. 5: The Verb "Ser"
Lesson #18 Ser o No Ser (To Be or Not to Be)
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Lesson #19 Culture: College Life in Latin America
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Lesson #20 Saying "And" and Negating Sentences
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Exam Exam 2
Lesson #21 Telling Time with Ser
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Lesson #22 Telling Time Including Minutes
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Lesson #23 Saying at What Time Something Happens
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Open Chapter Ch. 6: Using the "Be" Verbs
Lesson #24 Culture: Fútbol
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Lesson #25 Estar, the Other "Be" Verb
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Lesson #26 Ser vs. Estar
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Open Chapter Ch. 7: Talking about Ownership
Lesson #27 Possessive Adjectives
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Lesson #28 Whom Does It Belong To?
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Lesson #29 Tener, To Have
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Exam Exam 3
Lesson #30 Culture: Caracas
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Open Chapter Ch. 8: Exceptions to the Rules
Lesson #31 Conjugating -GO and -ZCO Verbs
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Lesson #32 Three Irregular Verbs - Dar, Ver, and Saber
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Lesson #33 Saber vs. Conocer
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Lesson #34 Coming and Going
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Lesson #35 Adjective Placement
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Lesson #36 Culture: Drinking Mate
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Open Chapter Ch. 9: Stem-Changing Verbs
Lesson #37 'E' to 'IE' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #38 'E' to 'I' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #39 'O' to 'UE' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #40 Irregular Verbs with a Stem Change
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Exam Final Exam

Assignments:

Unfinished Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 20
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Lesson Objectives:

In this lesson, we will learn how to say "and" in Spanish and also how to negate sentences. In the exercises, we will get some practice with the use and conjugation of "ser," and learn some new vocabulary for describing personality.


Vocabulary:

amable - kind or nice
antipático - unpleasant
bueno - good
envidioso - envious
hermoso - beautiful or lovely
bonito - pretty
listo - smart
malo - bad
perezoso - lazy or idle



The word for 'and' in Spanish is 'y'

For example:
Él es guapo y fuerte. He is handsome and strong.

Note that it changes from a 'y' to an 'e' when the next word starts with 'i' or 'hi'

For example:
Ella es bonita e inteligente. She is pretty and intelligent.

As you can see, in the first example, we used a 'y', but in this last example, inteligente starts with an 'i', so we used the letter 'e' instead.



To negate a sentence, add 'no' before the verb.

For example, "la casa es grande" becomes "la casa no es grande".

If you're responding negatively to a question, you should add an additional 'no' to the beginning of your response.

Es usted peruano? Are you peruvian?

You respond "No. Yo no soy peruano."

Notice that the second 'no' comes right before the verb 'soy'.