Spanish I

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Open Chapter Ch. 1: Nouns and Gender
Lesson #1 Noun Gender and Indefinite Articles
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 1
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Lesson #2 Definite Articles
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 2
Incomplete Assignment Grammar for Lesson 2
Lesson #3 Culture: The Kiss Greeting
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 3
Incomplete Assignment Culture Quiz for Lesson 3
Lesson #4 Determining Noun Gender
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 4
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Lesson #5 Gender of Nouns Referring to People
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 5
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Open Chapter Ch. 2: More on Nouns
Lesson #6 Using a Person's Title
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Lesson #7 Pluralizing Nouns
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Lesson #8 Pronunciation and Emphasis
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Lesson #9 Accent Placement
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Lesson #10 Culture: Cognates
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Lesson #11 Adjective-Noun Agreement
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Exam Exam 1
Open Chapter Ch. 3: Subject Pronouns
Lesson #12 Singular Subject Pronouns
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Lesson #13 Culture: Using Usted
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Lesson #14 Plural Subject Pronouns
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Open Chapter Ch. 4: The Present Indicative
Lesson #15 Intro to Verbs
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Lesson #16 Conjugating -ER and -IR Verbs
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Lesson #17 Understanding the Present Indicative Tense
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Open Chapter Ch. 5: The Verb "Ser"
Lesson #18 Ser o No Ser (To Be or Not to Be)
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Lesson #19 Culture: College Life in Latin America
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Lesson #20 Saying "And" and Negating Sentences
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Exam Exam 2
Lesson #21 Telling Time with Ser
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Lesson #22 Telling Time Including Minutes
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Lesson #23 Saying at What Time Something Happens
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Open Chapter Ch. 6: Using the "Be" Verbs
Lesson #24 Culture: Fútbol
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Lesson #25 Estar, the Other "Be" Verb
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Lesson #26 Ser vs. Estar
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Open Chapter Ch. 7: Talking about Ownership
Lesson #27 Possessive Adjectives
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Lesson #28 Whom Does It Belong To?
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Lesson #29 Tener, To Have
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Exam Exam 3
Lesson #30 Culture: Caracas
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Open Chapter Ch. 8: Exceptions to the Rules
Lesson #31 Conjugating -GO and -ZCO Verbs
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Lesson #32 Three Irregular Verbs - Dar, Ver, and Saber
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Lesson #33 Saber vs. Conocer
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Lesson #34 Coming and Going
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Lesson #35 Adjective Placement
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Lesson #36 Culture: Drinking Mate
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Open Chapter Ch. 9: Stem-Changing Verbs
Lesson #37 'E' to 'IE' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #38 'E' to 'I' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #39 'O' to 'UE' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #40 Irregular Verbs with a Stem Change
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Exam Final Exam

Assignments:

Unfinished Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 21
Unfinished Assignment Grammar for Lesson 21

Lesson Objectives:

In this lesson, we will learn how to use the verb "ser" to tell time. Vocabulary will cover words related to describing a home.


Vocabulary:

la oficina - the office
la sala - the living room
la terraza - the terrace
el comedor - the dining room
la cocina - the kitchen
el cuarto - the room
el cuarto de baño - the bathroom
la habitación - the bedroom
el balcón - the balcony
el clóset - the closet
completo - complete
moderno - modern
caro - expensive
barato - cheap



One use of the verb 'ser' is to tell time.

To ask "What time is it?", you say 'Que hora es?'.

As you recall, the third-person plural form of 'ser' is 'son': Ellos, ellas o ustedes son.

When telling time, generally you start with 'son'.

So for example, 'Que hora es?' – What time is it?

"Son las cinco de la manana". It's five in the morning.
"Son las tres de la tarde". It's three in the afternoon.

When you are talking about ONE o'clock, then you start with 'es', which is the third-person singular form of 'ser'.

'Que hora es?' – What time is it?

'Es la una de la manana.' It's one in the morning.
'Es la una de la tarde.' It's one in the afternoon.

Note that the 'de la manana' and 'de la tarde' is optional. The critical part is 'Son', which is the verb ser, and 'las cinco', which literally means 'the five', but when you say 'Son las cinco', it means, it's five o'clock. Again, 'Es' is the verb 'ser' combined with 'la una' which means 'the one'. Together, 'Es la una' means, 'It's one o'clock'