Spanish I

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Open Chapter Ch. 1: Nouns and Gender
Lesson #1 Noun Gender and Indefinite Articles
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 1
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Lesson #2 Definite Articles
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 2
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Lesson #3 Culture: The Kiss Greeting
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 3
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Lesson #4 Determining Noun Gender
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Lesson #5 Gender of Nouns Referring to People
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 5
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Open Chapter Ch. 2: More on Nouns
Lesson #6 Using a Person's Title
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Lesson #7 Pluralizing Nouns
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Lesson #8 Pronunciation and Emphasis
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Lesson #9 Accent Placement
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Lesson #10 Culture: Cognates
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Lesson #11 Adjective-Noun Agreement
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Exam Exam 1
Open Chapter Ch. 3: Subject Pronouns
Lesson #12 Singular Subject Pronouns
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Lesson #13 Culture: Using Usted
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Lesson #14 Plural Subject Pronouns
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Open Chapter Ch. 4: The Present Indicative
Lesson #15 Intro to Verbs
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Lesson #16 Conjugating -ER and -IR Verbs
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Lesson #17 Understanding the Present Indicative Tense
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Open Chapter Ch. 5: The Verb "Ser"
Lesson #18 Ser o No Ser (To Be or Not to Be)
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Lesson #19 Culture: College Life in Latin America
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Lesson #20 Saying "And" and Negating Sentences
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Exam Exam 2
Lesson #21 Telling Time with Ser
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Lesson #22 Telling Time Including Minutes
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Lesson #23 Saying at What Time Something Happens
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Open Chapter Ch. 6: Using the "Be" Verbs
Lesson #24 Culture: Fútbol
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Lesson #25 Estar, the Other "Be" Verb
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Lesson #26 Ser vs. Estar
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Open Chapter Ch. 7: Talking about Ownership
Lesson #27 Possessive Adjectives
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Lesson #28 Whom Does It Belong To?
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Lesson #29 Tener, To Have
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Exam Exam 3
Lesson #30 Culture: Caracas
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Open Chapter Ch. 8: Exceptions to the Rules
Lesson #31 Conjugating -GO and -ZCO Verbs
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Lesson #32 Three Irregular Verbs - Dar, Ver, and Saber
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Lesson #33 Saber vs. Conocer
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Lesson #34 Coming and Going
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Lesson #35 Adjective Placement
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Lesson #36 Culture: Drinking Mate
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Open Chapter Ch. 9: Stem-Changing Verbs
Lesson #37 'E' to 'IE' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #38 'E' to 'I' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #39 'O' to 'UE' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #40 Irregular Verbs with a Stem Change
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Exam Final Exam

Assignments:

Unfinished Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 28
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Lesson Objectives:

In this lesson, we will learn how to ask to whom something belongs. We will also learn some more nouns for objects around the house as well as a few verbs for household chores.


Vocabulary:

barrer el piso - to sweep the floor
hacer la cama - to make the bed
lavar los platos - to wash the dishes
sacar la basura - to take out the trash
sacudir - to shake
los muebles - the furniture
cocinar - to cook
ordenar el cuarto - to clean or tidy up the room
planchar la ropa - to iron clothes
secar - to dry
dormir - to sleep
el refrigerador - the refrigerator
la estufa - the heater
los quehaceres de casa - the household chores
la tarea - the task or homework



To ask who owns an object, you use 'de quien' with the verb 'ser'.

For example:
De quién es el libro? Who does the book belong to? Literally, this translates into "of who is the book?"

Notice that the verb 'ser' has to match the object. Since "el libro" is singular, we use the singular form of "ser". De quien ES el libro?

For the next example,
De quién son los libros? Who do the books belong to?

As you can see, the "ser" verb matches "los libros", so it uses the "son" form. To make this less confusing, you could reorganize the same question to say:
Los libros son de quién?

The original form sounds a lot more natural, but the second form can help you to figure out which noun the verb needs to match with.

Note that if there is more than one owner, then you use 'de quiénes' with the verb 'ser'

De quiénes es la casa? Who does the house belong to?
Es de los Simpson. It belongs to the Simpsons.

De quiénes son los escritorios? Who do the desks belong to?
Son de los estudiantes. They are the students' desks.