Spanish I

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Open Chapter Ch. 1: Nouns and Gender
Lesson #1 Noun Gender and Indefinite Articles
Incomplete Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 1
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Lesson #2 Definite Articles
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Lesson #3 Culture: The Kiss Greeting
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Lesson #4 Determining Noun Gender
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Lesson #5 Gender of Nouns Referring to People
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Open Chapter Ch. 2: More on Nouns
Lesson #6 Using a Person's Title
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Lesson #7 Pluralizing Nouns
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Lesson #8 Pronunciation and Emphasis
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Lesson #9 Accent Placement
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Lesson #10 Culture: Cognates
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Lesson #11 Adjective-Noun Agreement
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Exam Exam 1
Open Chapter Ch. 3: Subject Pronouns
Lesson #12 Singular Subject Pronouns
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Lesson #13 Culture: Using Usted
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Lesson #14 Plural Subject Pronouns
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Open Chapter Ch. 4: The Present Indicative
Lesson #15 Intro to Verbs
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Lesson #16 Conjugating -ER and -IR Verbs
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Lesson #17 Understanding the Present Indicative Tense
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Open Chapter Ch. 5: The Verb "Ser"
Lesson #18 Ser o No Ser (To Be or Not to Be)
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Lesson #19 Culture: College Life in Latin America
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Lesson #20 Saying "And" and Negating Sentences
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Exam Exam 2
Lesson #21 Telling Time with Ser
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Lesson #22 Telling Time Including Minutes
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Lesson #23 Saying at What Time Something Happens
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Open Chapter Ch. 6: Using the "Be" Verbs
Lesson #24 Culture: Fútbol
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Lesson #25 Estar, the Other "Be" Verb
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Lesson #26 Ser vs. Estar
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Open Chapter Ch. 7: Talking about Ownership
Lesson #27 Possessive Adjectives
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Lesson #28 Whom Does It Belong To?
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Lesson #29 Tener, To Have
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Exam Exam 3
Lesson #30 Culture: Caracas
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Open Chapter Ch. 8: Exceptions to the Rules
Lesson #31 Conjugating -GO and -ZCO Verbs
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Lesson #32 Three Irregular Verbs - Dar, Ver, and Saber
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Lesson #33 Saber vs. Conocer
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Lesson #34 Coming and Going
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Lesson #35 Adjective Placement
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Lesson #36 Culture: Drinking Mate
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Open Chapter Ch. 9: Stem-Changing Verbs
Lesson #37 'E' to 'IE' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #38 'E' to 'I' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #39 'O' to 'UE' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #40 Irregular Verbs with a Stem Change
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Exam Final Exam

Assignments:

Unfinished Assignment Vocabulary Pulldown for Lesson 39
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Lesson Objectives:

In this lesson, we will look at the "o" to "ue" stem-changing verbs. We will also learn a few verbs that have this stem change.


Vocabulary:

volver - to return or come back
almorzar - to have lunch
contar - to count
costar - to cost
encontrar - to find
morir - to die
poder - to be able
probar - to try or taste
recordar - to remember
soñar - to dream
cenar - to have dinner



The last type of stem-change involves verbs where the 'o' is changed to a 'ue'.

Examples of such verbs are volver (to return), dormir (to sleep), contar (to count).

Let's look at the forms for dormir (to sleep).
Yo duermo. I sleep. Notice that we simply changed the 'o' in dormir to 'ue' and then added on the appropriate ending.
Tú duermes.
Él, ella, o usted duerme.
Nosotros dormimos.
Ellos, ellas, o ustedes duermen.

A couple more quick examples.

'He returns' is 'él vuelve.' Notice that all we had to was change the 'o' in volver to 'ue' and conjugate as normal.

'I count' is 'Yo cuento.' The 'o' in contar became 'ue'. Cuento.

There is one unique verb 'jugar', which means 'to play', which does not fall into any of the three stem-change categories that you've learned. We'll cover it here because its stem change is very similar to the 'o' to 'ue' stem change. The 'u' becomes 'ue'.
Yo juego,
Tú juegas,
Él, ella o usted juega,
Nosotros jugamos,
Ellos, ellas o ustedes juegan,