Spanish I

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Open Chapter Ch. 1: Nouns and Gender
Lesson #1 Noun Gender and Indefinite Articles
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Lesson #2 Definite Articles
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Lesson #3 Culture: The Kiss Greeting
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Lesson #4 Determining Noun Gender
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Lesson #5 Gender of Nouns Referring to People
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Open Chapter Ch. 2: More on Nouns
Lesson #6 Using a Person's Title
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Lesson #7 Pluralizing Nouns
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Lesson #8 Pronunciation and Emphasis
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Lesson #9 Accent Placement
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Lesson #10 Culture: Cognates
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Lesson #11 Adjective-Noun Agreement
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Exam Exam 1
Open Chapter Ch. 3: Subject Pronouns
Lesson #12 Singular Subject Pronouns
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Lesson #13 Culture: Using Usted
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Lesson #14 Plural Subject Pronouns
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Open Chapter Ch. 4: The Present Indicative
Lesson #15 Intro to Verbs
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Lesson #16 Conjugating -ER and -IR Verbs
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Lesson #17 Understanding the Present Indicative Tense
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Open Chapter Ch. 5: The Verb "Ser"
Lesson #18 Ser o No Ser (To Be or Not to Be)
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Lesson #19 Culture: College Life in Latin America
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Lesson #20 Saying "And" and Negating Sentences
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Exam Exam 2
Lesson #21 Telling Time with Ser
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Lesson #22 Telling Time Including Minutes
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Lesson #23 Saying at What Time Something Happens
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Open Chapter Ch. 6: Using the "Be" Verbs
Lesson #24 Culture: Fútbol
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Lesson #25 Estar, the Other "Be" Verb
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Lesson #26 Ser vs. Estar
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Open Chapter Ch. 7: Talking about Ownership
Lesson #27 Possessive Adjectives
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Lesson #28 Whom Does It Belong To?
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Lesson #29 Tener, To Have
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Exam Exam 3
Lesson #30 Culture: Caracas
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Open Chapter Ch. 8: Exceptions to the Rules
Lesson #31 Conjugating -GO and -ZCO Verbs
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Lesson #32 Three Irregular Verbs - Dar, Ver, and Saber
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Lesson #33 Saber vs. Conocer
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Lesson #34 Coming and Going
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Lesson #35 Adjective Placement
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Lesson #36 Culture: Drinking Mate
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Open Chapter Ch. 9: Stem-Changing Verbs
Lesson #37 'E' to 'IE' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #38 'E' to 'I' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #39 'O' to 'UE' Stem-Changing Verbs
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Lesson #40 Irregular Verbs with a Stem Change
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Exam Final Exam

Assignments:

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Lesson Objectives:

In this lesson, we will learn about verbs that are both irregular and have a stem change. We will then cover a few more names of places found in a city.


Vocabulary:

la estación de tren - the train station
el café - the cafe
la plaza - the plaza
la tienda - the store
el cine - the movie theater
el aeropuerto - the airport
el banco - the bank
el nombre - the name



We have covered almost everything about conjugating in the present indicative tense. The last thing to know is about verbs that are both irregular AND stem-changing.

We've already seen tener, to have.

Yo tengo.
Tú tienes.
Él, ella o usted tiene.
Nosotros tenemos.
Ellos, ellas o ustedes tienen.

As you can see, tener is irregular in the 'yo' form. 'Yo tengo'. I have.

In all other forms, it's a stem-changer. The 'e' changes to an 'ie'. 'tienes'. 'tiene'. 'tienen'.

Let's look at another example: decir, which means 'to say'.

Yo digo.
Tú dices.
Él, ella, o usted dice.
Nosotros decimos.
Ellos, ellas, o ustedes dicen.

Again in the 'yo' form it's irregular. Digo. In all other forms, it's an 'e' to 'i' stem-changer. Dices. Dice. Dicen.

Seguir means 'to follow'. It's conjugated just like 'decir'. Yo 'sigo'. 'Tu sigues'. 'Ustedes siguen'. etc..

You will review all of these different verbs and conjugations in the upcoming exercises.